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“在地主义 – 建筑形态能够融入周边环境，取材亦来自于当地的设计理念。”本项目位于北京后花园风景区附近的后白虎涧村，地处整个村落的最南侧，紧邻乡道。建筑原址为北京惠伦家具厂， 是一栋坐南朝北的二层建筑，属于上个世纪80年代典型的红砖结构
“Localism – architectural form can be integrated into the surrounding environment, and the design concept that materials all come from the local place. “The project is located in Bai Hujian Village, near the Back Garden Scenic Area, Beijing. It’s in the south of the entire village, close to the township road. The original site is Beijing Huilun Furniture Factory, which is a two-story building faced north. It was built in the typical red brick structure in the 1980s.
▼建筑外貌，view of the architecture
Due to perennial unattended, what designer faces is a combination of red brick and steel structure architectural form of highly disorder. The original first floor of the building have six staff quarters, each dormitory has an area of 17m ², without light in the south side and the room is dark and humid; the east and west of the secondary floor each has a terrace, wooden doors and wood carvings exhibit hall are in the middle. Two floors are connected by an external steel staircase. Because this project aims at building a boutique hotel with the “micro holiday” concept, how to balance the ecological environment of surrounding villages, increasing the amount of room lighting while ensuring its privacy, enhance the comfort of the room has become the focus of the entire design and transformation.
▼建筑改造过程，process of reconstruction
“Localism” design concept was adopted throughout the design and transformation of the architecture. In order to integrate into the surrounding environment, the designer retains the original red brick structure of the building, and use coated glass window in the area above people’s eyesight in the south side, which both isolate the indoor environment from the interference of outdoor rural road traffic and introduce the maximum light into the room. At the same time, the view of near trees and the shape of the distance Xishan can also be enjoyed through the windows. The public area of the building used to be stacked by nearly a thousand pieces of idle Xishan granite, which require great time and effort to be dealt with. In measuring the connection between the building and the surrounding environment, the designer decided to make use of the local conditions, having original granite raw materials stacked into “mountain” and letting gravel filled to become the “water”. Then an external natural water system and Zen are formed outside the architecture.
▼建筑外堆放近千块闲置花岗岩， the public area of the building used to be stacked by nearly a thousand pieces of idle Xishan granite
▼设计保留了原有的建筑红砖结构，the designer retains the original red brick structure of the building
The design of the north side of the building is also of high elegant. In order to create a good visual experience, each household are set with a large area of glass curtain window and a 8 square meters’ home garden is added, which ensure the privacy of each room while creating a window view, forming a unique guest experience.
▼大面积立面开窗与入户花园的设置，既营造窗景又保证私密性，a large area of glass curtain window and a 8 square meters’ home garden is added, which ensure the privacy of each room while creating a window view
Considering the comfort and integrity of the room, the original six rooms on the first floor were re-planned by the designer. The first room in the east side, together with the east side of the two-story terrace, are designed to be the hotel’s hall with functions such as reception, entertainment, dining and so on. The remaining five rooms were redivided into three rooms, dismantling some of the floor, letting upstairs and downstairs to be connected, forming three loft which are able accommodate a family (3-4 people) to stay. And the three rooms are named as Wu Bai, Qian Bai and Hou Bai from the east to the west. All electrical and plumbing lines in the room are all exposed to the light, retaining the texture and the property of the material. Cabinet door are directly made by galvanized steel base material which is modern and natural.
▼厅堂外立面，elevation of the hall
▼东侧二层露台，the two-story terrace
▼房间前白一层，first floor of room Qianbai
▼房间无白一层，first floor of room Wubai
▼房间后白一层，first floor of room Houbai
The bedroom is unified set in the second floor of the loft, making living space and rest space separated from each other without interference. As for the Indoor roof treatment, the designer removed the old beam from the original building and re-lapped it in the room and covered it with reeds. Then it was depicted with light belt, showing the shape of the beam, rendering the space atmosphere. The bedside backplane is made by the processed whole piece of wood, simple and natural. The west side of the terrace was incorporated into the adjoining room, Hou Bai. And it became part of the room. Different from the north-to-south direction of the bed in the first two rooms, beds in Hou Bai are set to lie form east to west. The Western Hills, sunset and other natural landscape can be enjoyed through the bay window when lying in bed. Bay windows can all be opened, connecting the garden on the second floor. Balcony is specially set with long couch made of red brick, where is a good place to sit on and have some tea while enjoying the view of stars in the evening.
▼客房后白飘窗，bay window of room Houbai
▼房间前白二层，second floor of room Qianbai
▼西侧露台由竹篱笆包裹，纳入房间后白中，surrounded by the fence, the terrace become part of room Houbai
In the details of the design, the wash basins of all the rooms are made from the granite stone of the Western Hills. The chandeliers hanging above the stairs are made from the wood segments of the Western Hills woodland. The door is forged by the old tiles removed from the old building, which not only has features of Northwest courtyard but also makes new use of the old material.
▼门牌来自老房瓦片/桌面细节，the plate is made of the old tile/detail of the table
▼房间后白，床头细节/洗手台由花岗原石打磨而成，room Houbai, detail/the sink was made by granite
Use OF The Localism
The design of the entire interior space, whether hard or soft style, draws inspiration and timber as much as possible from the surrounding environment, enriching the space connotation and explaining the idea of “in the land”. The huge amounts of granite stacked outside the old house was repeatedly used by the designer, which not only created a view of Zen outside the building, but also paved the landscape pail leading to the room, and be used to make the indoor hall table and bathroom toilet. In addition, the logs in Xishan forest had also been collected by the designer, processed into hanging chandeliers above the staircase; The bathtub background of room Qian Bai is a solid wood hanging board made from an old tree in front of the door. The old tiles removed from the tiles were made into the doorplate of the room, not only has the characteristics of the Beijing Northwest Institute, but also makes new use of old materials.
▼西山林场木段加工成楼梯上悬挂的吊灯，the logs in Xishan forest had also been collected and processed into hanging chandeliers above the staircase
▼老树加工而成的实木挂板用作浴缸背景，the bathtub background of is a solid wood hanging board made from an old tree in front of the door
The transformation of the old house not only gives the original building a new life, but also inspired infinite possibilities in the design. Breakthrough is sought in the constraints and balance is found in the old and the new. The greatest value of rural building transformation is not only to improve the living environment, but more as a link between the village and the city and introduce rural life to the busy and impetuous urban population, helping the development of village, in which the sociological significance of design is reflected.
▼灯带描绘建筑外轮廓，the light belt draws the buildings contour
▼改造后平面图，plan after reconstruction
Corporation: CCDI Grand Wisdom interior Design
Creative Design: Li Zhiyu
Design/Completion Time: Mar 2017—Jul 2017
Project Type: Homestay
Decoration Materials: Red brick, granite rock, cement, logs, black iron, galvanized steel
Photographer: Lu Fei, Ren Enbing
Chinese & English text: CCDI Grand Wisdom interior Design